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- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. -

“Man's mind, once stretched by a new idea, never regains its original dimensions”


Brett Froelich and Dayle Daines; In hot water: effects of climate change on Vibrio-human interactions; Environmental Microbiology; March 2020;

R Canty, D Blackwood, R Noble and B Froelich; A comparison between farmed oysters using floating cages and oysters grown on-bottom reveals more potentially human pathogenic Vibrio in the on-bottom oysters; Environmental Microbiology; February 2020;

BA Froelich, RA Gonzalez, AD Blackwood, K Lauer, and RT Noble; Decadal monitoring reveals an increase in Vibrio spp. concentrations in the Neuse river Estuary, North Carolina, USA; PLoS ONE 14(4): e0215254

TC Williams, BA Froelich, B Phippen, P Fowler, RT Noble, and JD Oliver; Different abundance and correlational patterns exist between total and presumed pathogenic V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus in shellfish and waters along the North Carolina coast; 2017; FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 93 (6)

BA Froelich, B Phippen, P Fowler, RT Noble, and JD Oliver;  Differences in total Vibrio spp. V. vulnificus, and V. parahaemolyticus abundance between clams and oysters in North Carolina, 2017, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 83:2

SM Raszl, BA Froelich, CRW Vieira, DA Blackwood, and RT Noble, A Review: Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus in South America:  Water, Seafood, and Human Infections; 2016, Journal of Applied Microbiology, DOI: 10.1111/jam.13246

Froelich, BA and Noble, RT; Vibrio bacteria in raw oysters: managing risks to human health; Philosophical Transactions B, Invited Submission, 2016; 371:1689.


Groner, Maya; Jeffrey Maynard, Rachel Breyta, Ryan Carnegie, Andy Dobson, Carolyn Friedman, Brett Froelich, Melissa Garren, Frances Gulland, Scott Heron, Rachel Noble, Crawford Revie, Jeffrey Shields, Raphael Vanderstichel, Ernesto Weil, Sandy Wyllie-Echeverria, and Drew Harvell; Managing Marine Disease emergencies in an Era of Rapid Change; Philosophical Transactions B; 371:1689


Maya Groner, Rachel Breyta, Andy Dobson, Carolyn S. Friedman, Brett Froelich, Melissa Garren, Frances Gulland, Jeffrey Maynard, Ernesto Weil, Sandy Wyllie-Echeverria, and Drew Harvell; 2015; Emergency response for marine diseases; Science, 347(6227): 1210


Brett Froelich and Rachel Noble; 2014; Factors affecting the uptake and retention of Vibrio vulnificus in oysters, Applied and Environmental Microbiology; 80:24, pp7454-7459


Froelich, BA; Ayrapetyan, M; Fowler, P; Oliver, JD; and Noble, RT; 2014; The development of a matrix tool for the prediction of potentially pathogenic Vibrio species in oysters harvested from North Carolina; Applied and Environmental Microbiology; 81(3), 1111-1119


MN Ghazaleh; BA Froelich; and RT Noble; 2014; The effect of storage time on Vibrio spp. and fecal indicator bacteria in an ISCO autosampler; The Journal of Microbiological Methods; 104 pp. 109-116


Dana J. Gulbransen, Raul A. Gonzalez, Brett A. Froelich, James D. Oliver, Rachel T. Noble, and Karen J. McGlathery; 2014; Association of Gracilaria vermiculophylla, a non-native, mat forming macroalga, with increased concentrations of Vibrio bacteria in sediment, water, and oysters on intertidal mudflats; Marine Ecology Progress Series; 55, pp. 29-36


Brett A. Froelich, Mary J Weiss, and Rachel T. Noble; 2014; The evaluation of four methods for the isolation and enumeration of Vibrio vulnificus bacteria from oyster meat; Journal of Microbiological Methods; 97 pp. 1-5


Brett A Froelich; 2013; Warming ocean trends broaden the range of marine bacteria that cause human diseases (Research Highlight), PostDoc Journal; 1:6 page 58


Colleen A. Burge, C. Mark Eakin, Carolyn S. Friedman, Brett Froelich, Paul K. Hershberger, Eileen E. Hoffman, Laura E. Petes, Katherine C. Prager, Ernesto Weil, Bette L. Willis, and C. Drew Harvell; 2014; Adapting to Climate Change Impacts on Marine Infectious Disease, Annual Review of Marine Science, Vol 6, DOI: 10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135029


Froelich, Brett; Bowen, James; Gonzalez, Raul; Snedeker, Alexandra; and Noble, Rachel;  Empirical and mechanistic models of Vibrio abundance in the Neuse River Estuary; 2013; Water Research, 47:15, pages 5783-5793


Froelich, Brett and James Oliver; Increases in oysters of a Vibrio sp. upon addition of exogenous bacteria, 2013, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2013, 79:17, pages 5208-5213. 


Froelich, Brett and Oliver, James;  The interactions of Vibrio vulnificus and the oyster Crassostrea virginica:  A Review.  2013; Microbial Ecology, 65:4, pages 807-816


Froelich, Brett; Ayrapetyan, Mesrop; and Oliver, James; Vibrio vulnificus integration into marine aggregates and subsequent uptake by the oyster Crassostrea virginica; 2012; Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79:5, pages 1454-1458  (Featured as a “Spotlight Article”)


Williams, T; Froelich, B; and Oliver, J; Comparison of two selective and differential media for the isolation of Vibrio vulnificus from the environment; 2013; Journal of Microbiological Methods 93:3, pp. 277-283


Morrison, S. S., T. Williams, A. Cain, B. Froelich, C. Taylor, C. Baker-Austin, D. Verner-Jeffreys, R. Hartnell, J. D. Oliver, and C. J. Gibas. 2012. Pyrosequencing-Based Comparative Genome Analysis of Vibrio vulnificus Environmental Isolates. PLoS ONE 7:5.


Froelich, Brett; Williams, Tiffany; Noble, Rachel; and Oliver, James; 2012; Apparent loss of Vibrio vulnificus in North Carolina oysters coincides with drought-induced increase in salinity; Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 78:11, pp 3885-3889


Froelich, Brett and Oliver, James; 2011; Orientation of mannitol related genes can further differentiate strains of Vibrio vulnificus possessing the vcgC allele; Advanced Studies in Biology; 3:4, 151-160


Ivanina, Anna; Froelich, Brett; Williams, Tiffany; Sokolov, Eugene; Oliver, James; Sokolova, Inna;  2010; Interactive effects of cadmium and hypoxia on metabolic responses and bacterial loads of eastern oysters Crassostrea virginica Gmelin;   Chemosphere  82 (3), 377-389


Froelich, Brett A; Amy Ringwood; Inna Sokolova, and James Oliver.  2010.  Uptake and depuration of the C- and E-genotypes of Vibrio vulnificus by the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica).  Environmental Microbiology Reports, 2:1, pp 112-115


Hilton T, Rosche T, Froelich B, Smith B, Oliver J, (November, 2006).  Capsular polysaccharide phase variation in Vibrio vulnificus;  Applied and Environmental Microbiology, November 2006, p. 6986-6993, Vol. 72, No. 11

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